The electric car and its future

It is well known that a car is one of the most essential and at the same time nature harming things in our life. Cars consume gasoline that is made out of oil and also emit tons of noxious gases. The history of automobiles started more than 100 years ago, and over this period they have caused enormous damage to the Earth’s atmosphere. Designers and engineers have been trying to solve this problem for the last thirty years. 

The history of automobiles started more than 100 years ago, and over this period they have caused enormous damage to the Earth’s atmosphere 

Originally hybrid systems that are extremely popular nowadays were invented. The essence of hybrid vehicles lies in the fact that the internal combustion engine operates with the help of an electric motor. Firstly, the use of the electric motor significantly reduces the consumption of engine fuel. Secondly, the electric motor can accumulate energy released in the process of the car operation, and then use it for its own functioning. That means that a hybrid automobile can move for a several dozen kilometers using solely the electric motor. But neither hybrid vehicles are a good solution to solving the issue of environmental damage. In practice, not every owner of a hybrid car uses all of its possibilities. Besides, to assemble even one hybrid automobile its components need to be brought from a variety of countries. In total the assembly of the engine and all the electrical parts of the car can cause even more damage than the assembly of a similar purely petrol vehicle. Thus, a more sound and logical yet not flawless solution would be an electromobile. 

The main thing you need to know about electric cars is that (in most cases) they use lithium-ion batteries, they do not need transmission and that they have less mileage in comparison to petrol cars. For instance, it is not a problem for a petrol car to drive up to about 700-800 km using one gas refill while most electric cars will last for only 200-300 km with a single charge. 

Electromobiles have been facing a serious issue for a long time - apart from a low mileage they were:

1. small;

2. long-charging (a charge lasted for 6-8 hours in comparison to 10-20 minutes of petrol car refill);

3. rather expensive;

4. as a whole, they had an image of clumsy, slow and uncomfortable cars. 

Genius Elon Musk changed everything.

Having founded the Tesla Company, he took a regular Lotus Elise sport coupe as a basis (which was used as a base for further development by many car manufacturers), equipped it with an electric engine and called it “Tesla Roadster”. It turned out to be a small sport car that is not harmful for the environment. But the first pancake is always lumpy: many journals noted its unreliability and a tiny cruising range. After having thought it over, Musk brought to market exactly what this article is about. Tesla Model S. 

This automobile appeared to be a killer argument against its outdated rivals with internal combustion engines:

This automobile appeared to be a killer argument against its outdated rivals with internal combustion engines:

 -       it is beautiful;

-       it has five comfortable seats;

-       its cruising range lasts long (that of a top modificated one is more than 600 km using one charge);

-       it’s devastatingly fast (a pretty heavy family five-seater electric vehicle can quickly accelerate to 100 km/h just like the king of all supercars, an incredibly expensive Bugatti Veyron Supersport, which even for a minute of its operation creates environmental damage with its huge engine that devours dozens of liters of gasoline). 2.5 seconds and you rush at the speed of 100 km/h without emitting a single gram of CO2;

-       finally, it is charged very quickly. On branded charging Tesla stations (a network which is growing every year around the world) the Model S can be charged in half an hour and go on;

-       it is of high quality - convenience in the cabin is comparable to purely petrol Audi and Mercedes.

Hereby, there are no tasks that can be performed by cars with internal combustion engines and are impossible to be done by electric Model S. It has completely destroyed all stereotypes about electric vehicles and has become the most popular electric cars. Many automotive magazines have named it a car that’s making the world a better place. 

The customers who gave their hearts and wallets to support this model while contributing to the nature conservation have understood it, too. Thousands of Model S’s travel around the world whilst Musk is working on a new economical version of the model - Model 3 - by developing his company. It is smaller, cheaper but still good and eco-friendly, so it will most likely become another argument to give up using harmful internal combustion engines and change to a completely electric car. Lastly, very soon Musk will start to actively develop a chain of his charging stations and selling electric vehicles in Russia. That means that each of us will be able to join a common cause and choose a more eco-friendly lifestyle.


Only one issue remains unresolved: even if electric cars themselves do not produce CО², power plants that burn fuel are still needed to provide electromobiles with electricity. Some countries have already began to increase the number of safe power plants (for example, wind or solar power stations) but others still haven’t due to different reasons. In some places solar power plants cannot be built because of cloudy weather, somewhere a large complex of windmills would take up too much space, which is extremely valuable for small countries. 

The most important and the most difficult part is to start  

After all, an economic benefit is simply more important to some people. Therefore, a growing number of electric vehicles implies a greater consumption of electricity and resources for its production. Electric cars alone cannot heal the planet - while improvement does not happen at all levels, from reducing harm to the environment when transporting the components and assembling cars to secure energy supply to the machines, we remain quite far from solving the problems created by our generation.

But the most important and the most difficult part is to start. 

Author: Zakirov Boris